The National Plants of Myanmar

An important flower of Myanmar is the Chinese ixora, known for its beautiful flowers and leaves of vibrant colours, such as red, orange and yellow. It has a long flowering period, and can blossom from March to December. This flower plays a central role in the marriage customs of the Burmese Yisite Kazak people. A family with a daughter will build a small floating garden out of young bamboo on the surface of the water, and will fill it with the Chinese ixora. The daughter will then sit in the floating garden until her day of marriage, at which time the garden will be untethered, and she will float downstream with the flowers, to be met by the groom waiting at the riverbank.

A popular tree in Myanmar is the tropical teak tree. Teak trees can be seen in low mountain regions. They are used as medicine as well as quality material for furniture. Teak is considered a national treasure of Myanmar, and it is quite highly prized. The tree has become a symbol in the nation’s historical struggle for sovereignty, and is deeply associated with its national development.

甸的植物:

国花:船花

龙船花植株低矮,花叶秀美,花色丰富,有红、橙、黄等颜色。龙船花花期较长,每年3-12月均可开花,是重要的盆栽木本花卉。龙船花的花语是争先恐后。

缅甸的依思特哈族人有一种特别浪漫而有趣的婚姻习俗,他们自古以来临水而居,凡有女儿的人家都会早早地在临近房屋的水面上用竹木筑成一个浮动的小花园,并在里面种满龙船花,然后用绳索将它系住。

等到女儿出嫁那一天,就给她打扮得漂漂亮亮,然后让她坐在这个浮动的小花园里,最后将绳索砍断,任其顺水而飘。新郎则一大早就在下游的岸边等待,准备迎接载着新娘飘来的小花园。当小花园飘来时,新郎就抓住绳索将它拉上岸,然后牵着新娘一同回家举行婚礼。

:柚木

柚木是热带树种,要求较高的温度。垂直分布多见于海拔高700-800 米以下的低山丘陵和平原。柚木可入药,也是制造高档家具地板、室内外装饰的材料,被看作是缅甸的国宝,所以价格相当的昂贵。由于柚木记述着这个国家为捍卫民族主权的斗争历史和国民经济的发展历史,因此它也是缅甸的国树。

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